|Botanical Name||Carthamus tinctorius|
Safflower is native to arid environments having seasonal rain.
Analgesic activityAntipyretic activity Anti-inflammatory activity- inhibits cytokine production. Anti-microbial activity- - shows to inhibit wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, Candida albicans, poliomyelitis virus type 1.
Hepatoprotective effect- reduces plasma concentration of bilirubin; prevents development of liver cirrhosis. Cardiovascular effect - prevents development of atherosclerosis; shows to reduce ischemia and neurological damage induced by unilateral carotid artery ligation; induces vasodilation; lowers blood pressure; protects heart muscle cells from progressive loss in heart failure; shows to decrease arterial stiffness; increases coronary flow. Platelet aggregation inhibition - shows to inhibit ADP, arachidonic acid and collagen-induced platelet aggregation. Anti-hyperlipidemic activity - shows to decrease serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL and VLDL. Anti-diabetic activity - increases insulin levels; increases size of islets of Langerhans.
Wound healing effectEffect on menstruation - used for treatment of amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. Uterine stimulant effect - shows to increase uterine contractions. Central nervous system depressant activity Antioxidant activity - protects from oxidative stress damage; inhibits free radical formation. Neuroprotective activity - shows to reduce cerebral infarction area and neurological deficits, reduces expression of inflammatory cytokines in cerebral infarction area in acute ischemic stroke; demonstrates potential to inhibit apoptosis triggered by neurotoxic species and promote neuronal survival, thus may be used as supportive treatment in neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
Rejuvenation action:Strengthens liver, gall bladder and eyes Treats anemia Balances blood pressure Calms mind and relieves anxiety and panic attack
Gastrointestinal system:Improves digestion Relieves constipation Stops diarrhoea Heals ulcers
Genitourinary system:Relieves fluid retention Normalizes menstrual flow
Immune system and detoxification:Relieves chest congestion and expels phlegm Purifies blood and liver Clears blood cholesterol Stops haemorrhages Clears skin infections Lowers fever Improves blood circulation and relieves stagnation Reduces formation of blood clots
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