Cardamom Black Indian / Amomum Subulatum Roxb. / Kakola
April 22, 2017
Stinging Nettle / Urtica dioica L.
April 22, 2017


Lat. Saussurea lappa, syn. Aucklandia lappa

Tibet. Ruta


Botanical Name Saussurea lappa, syn. Aucklandia lappa
English name Costus
Tibetan Name Ruta
Parts Used Root

Northern Himalayas at a height of 2500 to 4000 m above mean sea level.

Pharmacological properties

Immunomodulatory activity - protective effect on intestinal epithelial cells
Anti-inflammatory activity
Anti-fungal activity
Anti-helmintic activity - shows to be effective against nematodes and cestodes
Anti-bacterial activity - inhibits H.pylori, S.mutans, Shigella, MRSA, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E.coli, Klebsiella pneumonia
Anti-viral activity - active against HBV

Anti-ulcer activity - increases endogenous motilin release, mucus discharge and accelerates gastric emptying; increases defensive factors by improvement in gastric cytoprotection
Gastroprotective effect
Anti-diabetic activity - hypoglycaemic effect
Anti-diarrheal activity
Anti-atopic properties

Hepatoprotective effect
Hypolipidaemic effect - reduces serum cholesterol and triglycerides
Cardioprotective effect - improve lipid profile, coronary circulation and myocardial functions
Anti-oxidant activity - protects against oxidative stress; have ability to scavenge free radicals
Mild thrombolytic activity
Anti-convulsant activity
Spasmolytic activity - shown to cause relaxation of smooth muscles
Bronchodilatory activity

Anti-cancer properties - has potential activity against prostate and breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, lung cancer, leukemia, gastric, bladder and ovarian cancer. It shows to exert cytotoxic effects against neuroblastoma cells via inducing apoptosis and anti-metastatic effects vie inhibition of migration and invasion

Ethnomedicinal uses

Rejuvenation action:
Balances Wind and blood disorders
Balances blood pressure
Supports nervous system
Strengthens and protects liver

Gastrointestinal system:
Improves digestion
Improves metabolism
Stimulates motility of gastrointestinal tract
Stops diarrhea and vomiting
Heals ulcers
Pacifies inflammatory bowel disease
Relieves meteorism and abdominal distension
Relieves gastrointestinal spasms
Clears worms

Immune system and detoxification:
Lowers fever
Relieves cough, chest congestion and lung inflammation
Relieves asthma
Strengthens the lungs
Has bronchodilatory action
Relieves headache
Clears chronic skin diseases
Supports joints
Relieves itching
Has anti-inflammatory action
Purifies body from toxins
Clears cholesterol and fat
Relieves pain

Used in our products