|Botanical Name||Carum carvi|
|Altitude and habitat||
Found at 1800 to 4300 meters. It grows abundantly on meadows, rivers beds, roadsides and near human habitats.
Gastrointestinal system effect- used adjunctively as a carminative in digestive disorders such as flatulence, bloating and indigestion, mild cramps in gastrointestinal area; shows to reduce lesions of gastric mucosal injuries, have anti-ulcerogenic and cytoprotective activity; shows to balance gut microflora which help in food digestion and absorption providing intestinal homeostasis. Anti-obesity effect - shows to decrease body weight and fat mass and increase muscle mass; stimulates apoptosis in pre-adipocytes due to antioxidant activity, thus reduces adipose tissue mass through preventing adipogenesis and enhancing lipolysis in adipocytes. Anti-diabetic effect - lowers serum glucose, LDL and triglyceride levels; have renoprotective effect. Anti-spasmodic activity - relieves gastrointestinal spasms. Anti-colvulsant effect - shows to prevent seizure and have anti-epileptic activity.
Renoprotective activity- due to its antioxidant effect. Diuretic activity - shows to increase urinary output.
Anti-microbial activity- shows to have antibacterial action against wide range of pathogenic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including H.pylori; exhibits anti-fungal activity (including dermatophytes, Vibrio spp. and yeast). Bioenhancer property - shows to act as bioenhancer along with anti-tubercular drugs due to enhancement of mucosal to serial permeation.
Antioxidant activity- scavenges free radicals, inhibits lipid peroxidation. Anti-inflammatory effect Analgesic effect
Anti-stress activityNootropic activity
Rejuvenation action:Balances Wind and heat combined disorders Balances Phlegm disorders Strengthens stomach and intestines Strengthens eyesight Restores physical strength Increases maternal milk production
Gastrointestinal system:Restores digestive heat Relieves dyspepsia, meteorism, heartburn and abdominal distension Relieves gastrointestinal spasms Relieves gall bladder spasms Stops diarrhoea Relieves constipation Improves appetite Relieves nausea Relieves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome Clears parasites Protect intestinal mucous membrane
Genitourinary system:Relieves obstructed and painful urination Relieves menstrual cramps Acts as diuretic, promotes urination and removal of uric acid Cleans toxins from kidneys Prevents infections of urinary tract
Immune system and detoxification:Purifies blood Acts as antidote to poisoning Relieves headache Clears respiratory airways Expels phlegm Relieves shortness of breath Lowers fever Relieves sore throat, congestion due to colds and cough
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